Description: C3a/C3a des-Arg, Human, mAb 2991, immuno assay antibody

The monoclonal antibody 2991 recognizes the neo-epitope of human C3a/C3a-desArg that is formed upon cleavage of the complement protein C3 into C3a and C3b. The complement system is an important part of the humoral response in innate immunity, consisting of three different pathways. The third complement component, C3, is central to the classical, alternative and lectin pathways of complement activation. Activation products of the complement cascade contain neo-epitopes that are not present in the individual native components. Monoclonal antibodies detecting neo-epitopes have been used for direct quantification of activation at different steps in the complement cascade. The synthesis of C3 is tissue-specific and is modulated in response to a variety of stimulatory agents. C3 is the most abundant protein of the complement system with serum protein levels of about 1.3 mg/ml. An inherited deficiency of C3 predisposes the person to frequent assaults of bacterial infections. In ulcerative colitis, and idiopathic chronic inflammatory bowel disease, the deposition of C3 in the diseased mucosa has been reported. Proteolysis by certain enzymes results in the cleavage of C3 releasing C3a anaphylatoxin and C3b. C3a is a protein of 74 amino acids. C3a itself is very short-lived and in serum is cleaved rapidly into the more stable C3a-desArg (also called acylation stimulating protein, ASP) . Therefore, measurement of C3a-desArg allows reliable conclusions about the level of complement activation in the test samples. C3a is a mediator of local inflammatory processes. It induces smooth muscle contraction, increases vascular permeability, and causes histamine release from mast cells and basophilic leukocytes. C3a is involved in inflammatory reactions seen in gram-negative bacterial sepsis, trauma, ischemic heart disease, post-dialysis syndrome and a variety of autoimmune diseases. Normal values in plasma of control persons range between 48 150 ng/ml (median: 86.4 ng/ml, SD: 29.3 ng/ml)
Monoclonal antibody 2991 recognizes both C3a and C3a-desArg, with at least a 5x higher preference for C3a-desArg.

Specifications

Catalog number HM2074-IA
Product type Monoclonal antibodies
Quantity 0.5 mg
Formulation 0.5 mg of 0.2 Ám filtered antibody solution in PBS (exact concentration is indicated on the label), containing 0.02% sodium azide.
Application Immuno assays, Western blot
Application Notes W: A reduced sample treatment and SDS-PAGE was used. The band size is ~8 kDa .
Use For immunohistology, dilutions to be used depend on detection system applied. It is recommended that users test the reagent and determine their own optimal dilutions. The typical starting working dilution is 1:50.
Immunogen Human C3a des-Arg
Isotype Mouse IgG1
Species Human
Positive Control Activated human serum or purified human C3adesArg protein
Storage and Stability Product should be stored at 4 °C. Under recommended storage conditions, product is stable for one year.
Precautions For research use only. Not for use in or on humans or animals or for diagnostics. It is the responsibility of the user to comply with all local/state and Federal rules in the use of this product. Hycult Biotech is not responsible for any patent infringements that might result with the use of or derivation of this product.