AuPreP™ Gold cDNA Synthesis Kit (For RT-PCR)

Premixed solutions for the synthesis of single-stranded cDNA from RNA for use as a PCR template

Cat. No.: AUP-CDNA-10GR (10 Rx) / AUP-CDNA-50GR (50 Rx) / AUP-CDNA-100GR (100 Rx)
Store at: -20°C
For long-term storage, Control RNA should be stored at –70°C.

Product Description:

The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is a powerful technique for rapid amplificationof genes. In addition to amplifying genomic DNA templates, PCR can also be used to amplify cDNA reverse transcribed from RNA to analyze gene expression. Using AuPreP Gold cDNA synthesis Kit , RNA is reverse transcribed into single-stranded cDNA. The reverse transcriptase (RT) enzyme synthesizes the new cDNA strand at a site determined by the type of primer used: Oligo(dT) primer, random primer or a sequence-specific primer. The First Strand cDNA can then be used as a template for PCR. The reaction mix solution supplied, contains buffer, RT with reduced Rnase H activity, dNTP’s mix with 99% purity & RNase inhibitor sufficient for 10 Rxs.

Kit Reagents: 10 Rx 50 Rx 100 Rx
RT Reaction Mix contains: Reverse transcriptase with reduced Rnase activity, RNase inhibitor and dNTP's in buffer solution 80μl 400μl 800μl
DTT Solution, 100Mm 20μl 100μl 200μl
Oligo(dT)20 Primer, 40μM 10μl 50μl 100μl
Random Hexamer Primer, 40μM 10μl 50μl 100μl
Control RNA Human, Total RNA, 1μg/μl 5μl 25μl 50μl
Primer Mix Human G3PDH amplimers, 10μM each 10μl 50μl 100μl
DEPC-Treated Water 0.3ml 1.5ml 3ml
Additional material required:
  • DNA Polymerase for PCR
  • Thermal Cycler
  • Amplification primers specific to your target cDNA
  • Microcentrifuge
  • 37°C, 42°C and 70°C water baths or heat blocks

General Considerations:

  • To avoid RNAse contamination and degradation of RNA, wear gloves and use sterile pipette tips.
  • High quality RNA preparation is critical for the synthesis of cDNA for PCR. RNA should have a A260/A280 ratio of 1.7 or higher and the integrity and purity should be evaluated. The RNA should be stored at -70°C or below.
  • cDNA Priming:
    AuPreP Gold cDNA synthesis Kit allows the user to choose the desired primer for cDNA synthesis:

    - Gene specific primer: Primer design, conc. and annealing temperature should be evaluated before use.
    - Oligo (dT)20 or random primer: the entire population of mRNA molecules is converted into cDNA by priming with Oligo(dT) or random primer. Both primers are provided in the kit, but the use of Oligo(dT) primer is recommended. The random priming of cDNA may be beneficial when the reverse transcriptase fails to fully transcribe an mRNA template or if secondary structures exist.


1. cDNA Synthesis

  • Thaw each tube in the AuPreP Gold cDNA synthesis Kit and place on ice.
  • Briefly centrifuge all reagents and return to ice.
  • Mix the following components in a sterile, thin-walled PCR micro-centrifuge tube on ice:
RNA sample use 0.2 – 2.0μg of total RNA or 50-100ng of Poly(A)+ RNA
Oligo(dT) Primer (40μM) or Random Hexamer Primer 1μl (2μM)
1μl (2μM)
Sequence- specific primer may be used at 2 pmole / reaction
DEPC-Treated Water up to 10μl50μl
  • Mix gently and heat the mixture at +70°C for 5 minutes. Remove tube and place rapidly on ice.
  • Add the following components to the reaction tube:
Reaction Mix (2.5X) 8μl
DTT (100mM) 2μl
Mix gently by flicking the tube.
Note: We recommend that a master mix be prepared if more than one RNA sample is to be used. Centrifuge briefly and aliquot into sample reaction tubes.

  • If Random Hexamer Primer is used: incubate at +37°C for 60 minutes
  • Other primers: incubate the reaction tubes at +42°C for 60 minutes.
  • Heat at +70°C for 15 minutes to stop cDNA synthesis reaction. Centrifuge the mixture briefly to collect the sample at the bottom of the tube.
  • At this point the reaction tube, containing the cDNA, may be stored at -20°C or below. For immediate use, keep tubes on ice.

2. PCR Amplification

  • Dilute the reaction mixture to a final volume of 100μl by adding 80μl of DEPC-Treated Water. Vortex gently and centrifuge. Note: After thawing frozen samples, vortex and spin briefly before use.
  • The PCR amplification parameters will vary depending on the specific primers, template DNA and thermal cycler used. For each 50μl PCR reaction, use 5-10μl of the diluted cDNA
  • Analyze the RT-PCR product by electrophoresis in an agarose gel. Expected results will appear as a single band of size determined by the PCR primers used.

3. Controls

  • AuPreP Gold cDNA synthesis Kit includes Control RNA and PCR Primers. For cDNA synthesis, use 1μl of Control RNA (human, total RNA, 1μg/μl). Then use the Primer Mix (G3PDH) for the PCR amplification.

  • Please use the following PCR protocol for control primers and cDNA template.
  • PCR reaction:
- Sterile H2O 33.6μl
- 10X PCR Buffer 5μl
dNTP's Mix (2.5mM each) 4μl
- Primer Mix (G3PDH) 2μl
Taq DNA Polymerase (5 u/μl) 0.4μl
Diluted cDNA 5μl
Total: 50μl
  • Amplification parameters:
Initial Denaturation 94°C 2 minutes
Denaturation 94°C 45 seconds
Annealing 60°C 45 seconds
Extension 72°C 2 minutes
Final extension 72°C 7 minutes
Upon gel electrophoresis (1.8% agarose gel), a 983 bp fragment should be observed.